How to Overcome Menstrual Disorders amenorrhea, when Menstruation doesn't Come


 Haven't had a period at all or haven't had a period for months? You may be experiencing amenorrhea.

The condition that attacks women can occur in adolescents and adults.

So, what causes this to happen to women? Come on, know the symptoms, causes, and how to deal with this disease Moms!

What is Amenorrhea?

As mentioned briefly above, amenorrhea is a condition where there is no menstruation or irregular menstruation.

The most common cause is hormone levels anatomical problems can also affect this condition.

Types of Amenorrhea

The following types of amenorrhea need to be known.

 1. Primary Amenorrhea

Primary amenorrhea refers to the absence of menstruation during puberty.

Launching to the National Institutes of Health, if menstruation does not occur at the age of 16 years, it can be said to be primary amenorrhea.

 2. Secondary Amenorrhea

Secondary amenorrhea is when menstrual periods occur but suddenly stop for a long time. Secondary amenorrhea is the most common.

Menstruation that suddenly stops, is a sign of a health problem, Moms!

Launching from Medical News Today, doctors may diagnose amenorrhea if a person experiences regular menstruation but stops for 3 months.

It could also be when menstruation has been irregular from the start and one has not had a period for 6 months.

Symptoms of Amenorrhea

Launching the Cleveland Clinic, amenorrhea is a condition when women do not experience menstruation. Several types trigger conditions.

If you have never had a period at all, this is classified as primary amenorrhea. It often occurs in adolescents who have not menstruated when they are 15 years old.

Unlike the case, in women who have had menstruation, this is called secondary amenorrhea.

Here are some of the common symptoms felt from this condition:

  1. Discharge from the nipple
  2. Hair loss
  3. Headache
  4. Growing excess facial hair
  5. Pelvic pain
  6. Pimple

At first, glance looks like PMS symptoms, right? Therefore, many people are often confused between the symptoms of amenorrhea and menstruation.

Causes of Irregular Menstruation

Amenorrhea is often associated with irregular menstruation.

Well, irregular menstruation itself can occur due to the following things, as reported by the Cleveland Clinic. 

1. Stress Factor

Stress and unhealthy lifestyles such as significant weight gain and loss affect irregular menstruation.

In addition, diet, changes in exercise, travel, illness, and other disturbances in daily routines also have an impact. 

2. Uterine Polyps or Fibroids

Uterine polyps are noncancerous, benign abnormal growths in the lining of the uterus. Meanwhile, uterine fibroids are tumors that attach to the uterine wall.

Some uterine fibroid conditions are the size of an apple seed to the size of an orange. These tumors are usually benign, however, there can be a risk of heavy bleeding and pain during menstruation. 

3. Endometriosis

This condition occurs when the endometrial tissue that lines the uterus breaks down every month and comes out with the menstrual period.

Endometriosis occurs when this tissue grows outside the uterus and often attaches to the ovaries or fallopian tubes. It can even grow in the intestines or other organs. 

4. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a bacterial infection that affects the female reproductive system.

This disease can occur when bacteria enter the vagina through sexual contact and then spread to the uterus and upper genital tract In addition, bacteria can also enter through the reproductive tract due to gynecological procedures or through childbirth, miscarriage, or abortion.

Symptoms include severe vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor, irregular menstruation, and pain in the pelvic area and lower abdomen.

Causes of Amenorrhea

Weight is quite influential on the function of female sex hormones.

Women who are obese or are experiencing drastic weight loss can experience menstrual cycle disorders.

Not only that, but here are some of the causes that trigger a person to experience amenorrhea.

1. Strenuous Exercise

Exercise is good for health, but not all have the same benefits, you know.

Women who take part in sports that require vigorous exercise, such as ballet, may experience menstrual cycle disturbances or amenorrhea.

This is because ballet requires training with a fairly frequent frequency compared to other sports.

Several other factors make ballet a strenuous exercise, such as:

  • Requires ideal body posture
  • High stress
  • High energy stamina

It's no wonder that menstruation is less common in teenagers who take ballet classes, Moms.

 2. Thyroid Problem

Launching Women's Health, thyroid hormone is quite important in regulating the menstrual cycle in women.

Too much or too little thyroid hormone can make your periods very light, heavy, or even irregular.

Thyroid diseases such as hyperthyroidism can also cause menstruation to stop for several months.

Symptoms that may be felt from this disease, namely:

  • Excessive anxiety
  • Hard to sleep
  • Tired body
  • Swelling in the neck (goiter)
  • Irregular or very fast heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Frequent shaking

One of the treatments for thyroid hormone disorders is taking certain medications.

3. Birth control pills

Adult women, most of them use birth control pills as a means of contraception.

However, the side effect of using this protracted i.e. trigger amenorrhea.

Even after stopping birth control pills, it may take some time before ovulation and regular periods return.

Contraceptives that are injected or implanted can also cause this condition, Moms. 

4. Drug Side Effects

Certain medications can cause menstrual periods to stop or amenorrhea.

Some of these types of drugs include:

  • Antipsychotic
  • Cancer chemotherapy
  • Antidepressants
  • blood pressure medication
  • Allergy medicine

Immediately consult a doctor if this condition persists, Moms.

Later, the doctor will find the right alternative medicine to take without disturbing the menstrual cycle. 

5. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that involves irregular menstrual cycles.

Often caused by excessive levels of hormones (androgens).

Women with PCOS may have fewer menstrual cycles during the year. Or, their periods may come every 21 days or more frequently.

Physically visible symptoms include too much hair on the face, chin, or body parts where men usually have hair.

The cause of secondary amenorrhoea is known to be diagnosed with the help of several medical tests such as blood tests, ultrasounds, or CT scans.

How to Overcome Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea can potentially interfere with fertility, depending on the severity of the underlying cause.

Therefore, treating this condition early on can help this condition.

Here are some ways to deal with amenorrhea: 

1. Regular exercise

Come on, increase physical movement to prevent irregular menstrual cycles. Do several sports that are classified as light and not heavy, mom.

This can be done by walking or jogging in the morning or evening.

This type of physical exercise can reduce bloating and cramping pain caused by the symptoms of amenorrhea.

If Moms like it, aerobic exercise is also one of the activities that you can try, Iho.

Aerobic exercise can help with blood circulation and the release of "feel good hormones" called endorphins. 

2. Ideal Body Weight

Maintaining normal body weight is a way of dealing with amenorrhea.

That is, the weight must remain stable, which is neither too much nor too little, Moms.

Eat high-nutrient foods and reduce your intake of high-sugar foods.

Try consulting a nutritionist to find out what types of food you need to eat while maintaining your ideal weight. 

3. Managing Stress

Managing stress well is the way to go next.

Currently, there are various choices of relaxation therapy to make the body more relaxed and keep away from negative thoughts.

One of them with yoga or meditation. Experience the benefits of meditation which include:

  • Gaining a new perspective on managing stress
  • Increase self-awareness
  • More focused and able to concentrate
  • Reduce negative emotions

In addition, meditation can also increase our imagination and creativity, you know.

4. Rest Enough

Balancing activity time with adequate rest is one way to overcome amenorrhea.

Staying up late at night does not have any health benefits.

Various dangers lurk from staying up late, such as

  • Changes in body hormones
  • Body tired easily
  • Decreased body energy
  • It's hard to concentrate
  • Menstrual cycle disorders

From now on, make sure you get enough quality sleep, okay? 

5. Do Pap Smear

Generally, the pap smear is a screening tool to detect cervical cancer. This test can detect abnormal cells in the cervix before they become cancerous.

However, it can also be used to check for health problems related to amenorrhea.

If you find that you are experiencing menstrual disorders, don't hesitate to consult a gynecologist, yes.

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