mesothelioma risk factors


mesothelioma risk factors

Mesothelioma is a type of malignant and deadly cancer that attacks the thin layer of tissue that covers most organs in the body or the mesothelium. The lungs are the main organs that are susceptible to mesothelioma, although they can also occur in the heart, stomach, and testes in men. Unfortunately, it is difficult to cure this cancer, although treatment can help control its symptoms.

Generally, cancer occurs when there are changes or mutations in the DNA of cells. This DNA contains instructions that tell the cell what to do, while mutations give the cell the information to grow and reproduce out of control. As a result, abnormal cells accumulate and form tumors.

Even so, it is still unclear what causes the initial genetic mutation that leads to this cancer. However, it is suspected that many factors influence and increase the risk. Come on, find out more!

Mesothelioma Risk Factors, What Are?

Asbestos exposure is a major risk factor for cases of mesothelioma. Asbestos is a mineral that can be obtained easily and spread naturally in the surrounding environment. Asbestos fibers are strong and heat resistant, making them useful in a variety of applications, such as insulation, brakes, flooring, and many other products.

When damage occurs, for example in the mining process or when removing asbestos insulation, this dust can be created. If inhaled or swallowed, asbestos fibers can settle in the lungs or stomach and irritate it, resulting in mesothelioma.

That is, the condition of cancer can occur in other factors. Anything? Here are some of them that are at risk, namely:

Personal health conditions.

  If you are exposed to asbestos directly, both at work and home, the risk of developing mesothelioma increases.

Living with someone who is at risk of asbestos exposure.

People exposed to asbestos carry these fibers home on their skin and clothing. The exposure that occurs over the years triggers the risk of mesothelioma in those who live under the same roof.

Reduce the risk by showering and changing clothes before leaving the office.

Family history.

Mesothelioma can occur due to genetic factors. If a parent, sibling, or other relative has mesothelioma, you may have an equally high risk.

Radiation therapy to the chest.

  If you have radiation therapy for cancer in the chest, mesothelioma is also possible.

When pleural mesothelioma spreads in the chest, there will be pressure on that area. This can lead to complications, such as difficulty breathing, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, pain that occurs due to pressure on the nerves and spinal cord, and accumulation of fluid in the chest or pleural effusion that presses on nearby lungs and makes it difficult to breathe.

Precautions You Can Do

Reducing exposure to asbestos can reduce the risk of developing mesothelioma. So, find out if you work in an environment high in asbestos exposure. Some types of work that are very risky for exposure to asbestos such as plumbers, asbestos miners, shipyard workers, mechanics, and builders. Follow the recommended safety regulations to avoid the adverse effects of exposure and its complications.

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